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  • Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
     
  • Area: Over 330,000 square kilometers.  Country comparison to the world: 65  and slightly larger than New Mexico
     
  • Climate: Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
     
  • Natural resources: Phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
     
  • Population: 90,549,390 (July 2011 est.). Country comparison to the world: 14
     
  • Life expectancy at birth: Male: 69.72 years. Female: 74.92 years (2011 est.)
     
  • Ethnic Groups: Kinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)
     
  • Religions: Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
     
  • Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
     
  • Country name: Conventional long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
     
  • Local long form: Cong Hoa Xa Hoi Chu Nghia Viet Nam