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Total: 261,227 sq miles (676,578sqkm) – 40th

Water (%): 3.06


Tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

Elevation Extremes:

Lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 ft

Highest point: Hkakabo Razi 19,290ft


60,280,000 (2010 estimate) - 24th

Ethnic Groups:

Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%


Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%


Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages

Country name:

Conventional long form: Republic of Union of Burma

Conventional short form: Myanmar

Local long form: PyidaungzuMyanmaNaingngandaw (translated by the US Government as Union of Myanma and by the Burmese as Union of Myanmar)

Local short form: MyanmaNaingngandaw

Former: Republic of the Union of Burma

Note: since 1989 the military authorities in Burma have promoted the name Myanmar as a conventional name for their state; this decision was not approved by any sitting legislature in Burma, and the US Government did not adopt the name, which is a derivative of the Burmese short-form name MyanmaNaingngandaw

Government type:Unitarypresidentialconstitutionalrepublic


Largest city: Rangoon or Yangon Note: junta began shifting seat of government to Pyinmana area of central Burma in November 2005

Independence: 4 January 1948 (from UK)

GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,324 (2011est.)

Currency: Kyat (MMK)

Time Zone: GMT +6:30

Country Dialing Code: +95

Electricity: 230V 50HzHz